Brief accounts of the history and natural history of the area surrounding the Ramser Arboretum
How Jelloway Got Its Name
Tom Jelloway was the name early settlers in the area called a Native American that lived in the valley of present day Jelloway Creek. Not much is known about Tom Jelloway, including the background of his name. There were two Native American villages in the area, Greentown and Jerometown. Tom Jelloway may have been associated with one or the other. He was a Chief and had a small group that hunted and fished throughout the Jelloway Creek valley. When the Native Americans of the area were forced west to Piqua at the onset of the War of 1812, Tom Jelloway remained in the area. He and the early settlers coexisted peacefully. No dates are given for his birth, or death.
The Cleveland to Columbus Stage Line
One of the first settlers in the area, Jacob Phifer, built a hotel to serve the travelers on the Cleveland to Columbus stage route, where Jelloway stands today. State Route 3, also known as the 3C Highway for Cleveland, Columbus and Cincinnati, bisects Jelloway today. Jelloway has been known as Phifer's Crossroads, Westville, Hillsburg (and Hellsburg apparently), and Brownsville. The residents requested a name change to Jelloway when informed that there was another Brownsville in Ohio that had a post office. The name change avoided postal confusion.
Glaciated Allegheny Plateau
The Glaciated Allegheny Plateau in Ohio is that portion of the Allegheny Plateau that lies within the area covered by glaciation. As a result, this area of the Allegheny Plateau has lower relief and more gentle slopes than the relatively rugged Unglaciated Allegheny Plateau. In general the Glaciated Allegheny Plateau forms an arc from northeastern to southwestern Ohio lying between the Glacial Till Plains and the Unglaciated Allegheny Plateau. All of Knox County is Glaciated Allegheny Plateau except the upper right corner of Brown Township, most of Jefferson Township and the eastern third of Union Township. Those areas are Unglaciated Allegheny Plateau. The Ramser Arboretum is in Brown Township, near the unglaciated areas of Knox County. Drive State Route 3 from Centerburg in Hilliar Township to The Ramser Arboretum in Brown Township, and you will traverse the Glaciated Allegheny Plateau from rolling to hilly.
Rivers and Streams
The rivers and streams in the greater Jelloway area are beautiful, and an asset to the area. Biologists from the Ohio Environmental Protection Agency conduct periodic comprehensive surveys of river systems in Ohio. The most recent surveys for the Kokosing, Mohican, Walhonding, Muskingum, Killbuck, and Wakatomika rivers, are linked below. Of particular interest may be the lists of fish found at all the surveyed sites. These lists are included in the appendices.
Walhonding and Muskingum